Many UK expats neglect their UK state pension when they move overseas, this is a huge mistake and could costs you thousands in the future, when potentially you will need it most. You may be unaware but even if you move overseas you are still eligible for the UK state pension.
Currently the full UK state pension is £185.15 per week, or £9627.80 a year, double that and for a married couple it’s £19,255.60 a year and this is going up with inflation every year. To put this in perspective, to get an income of just short of £20k, increasing every year with inflation guaranteed every year from retirement age, you are going to need around £500k from a private pension, probably a lot more.
How can I get this?
Well put simply you need to pay your National Insurance. You’ll usually need at least 10 qualifying years on your National Insurance record to get any State Pension. You’ll need 35 qualifying years to get the full new State Pension. You’ll get a proportion of the new State Pension if you have between 10 and 35 qualifying years. You can check how many years of contributions you have made already by going to https://www.gov.uk/check-
Do I qualify and can I make contributions whilst I am abroad?
More than likely you will qualify, to be eligible you need to have paid National Insurance for at least three years, if you haven’t then you must have lived and worked in the UK immediately before leaving and have lived in the UK for three years in a row. If you meet the above criteria then you are eligible for class 2 contributions.
Is it worth making up years ?
If you qualify for class 2 contributions as per above then more than likely YES make the payments, class 2 contributions as per 2022/23 are £3.15 per week or £163.80 a year. So another crude calculation of £163.80 x 35 years is £5,733. Which means its going to cost around £6k in total for a pension of almost £10k a year every year (17 yrs of pension payments from 67 to 84 is £170k). Clearly both the £6k and £10k will go up with inflation so its not exact but it should illustrate the point that it’s a very good deal. Your 67 yr old self will be thanking your 40 yr old self for ensuring a clever investment for your future.
How do I make up the payments ?
Ok, now this you need to sort quickly. If you were born after 5th April 1951 for men and 5th April 1953 for woman you can make up to 16 years worth of back payments if you do it by 6th April 2023. If you do it after 6th April 2023, you can make up to 6 years back payments, which may be enough.
To do this you need to go read the leaflet NI38 about Social Security abroad and check you qualify and then fill out the form at the bottom to apply and pay.
So another calculation,
16 yrs at £163.80 is £2620.80.
£9627.80 / 35 = £275.08 x 16 = £4401.28.
So the above shows you that if you made a contribution of £2620.80 to your pension then you would get £4401.28 per year from the state pension at retirement, if that was paid over 17 yrs, without inflation that would be £74821.76 in pension payments.
All of the above are some general points about the state pension, there are more details such as class 1, 2, 3 NI contributions and everybody has different circumstances. I hope this information helps you make your own decision on what you want to do. I cant be held responsible for you taking this information out of context.
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